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Chinese Cities
China - Online Travel Guide

Chinese Cities

The People's Republic of China is the second largest country in the world by land area. China borders 14 nations, more than any other country (shared with Russia); Vietnam, Laos, Burma, India, Bhutan, Nepal, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Russia, Mongolia and North Korea. China’s land border of 22,117 km (13,743 mi), the largest in the world.

The territory of China is rich in variety of landscapes. Along the shores of the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea, there are extensive and densely populated plains, while Southern China is dominated by hills and low mountain ranges. In the central-east are the deltas of China's two major rivers, the Yellow River and Yangtze River (Chang Jiang). Other major rivers include the Xi, Mekong, Brahmaputra and Amur. West is the reign of major mountain ranges, notably the Himalayas, with China's highest point at the eastern half of Mount Everest, and high plateaus feature among the more arid landscapes such as the Taklamakan and the Gobi Desert.

A major issue is the continued expansion of deserts, particularly the Gobi Desert. China is losing huge areas annually to desertification. Water, erosion, and pollution control have become important issues in China's relations with other countries. Melting glaciers in the Himalayas could also lead to water shortages for hundreds of millions of people.

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